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Welcome to the ADAPT member page

While we cannot know the exact trajectory of climate change, we can prepare for the future. Through the ADAPT working group, the Clark Fork Coalition and our partners are developing comprehensive, science-driven solutions that build resilient watersheds, engage community members, and prepare our hometowns for the changes that we know are in store.

In 2011, we organized a two-day ClimateWise workshop in Missoula County, where over 100 local citizens and decision-makers discussed how climate change could impact the community, economy, and natural systems of Missoula County. The Coalition partnered with the Geos Institute and Headwaters Economics to summarize the community members’ perceived threats and recommended solutions into a report titled: Missoula County Climate Change Primer: Strategies to Care for our Community, Land, and Water .

Following the workshop and report release, we began putting these community solutions into action. The ADAPT working group creates new opportunities for collaboration, enhances the capacity of existing projects, and increases the bandwidth of resources dedicated to implementing community-prioritized strategies that buffer our natural and human communities from the combined impacts of development and climate change.

Members meet four times a year to impart the successes and challenges of their projects, and share ideas and strategies with others.

Member Resources:

The ADAPT group meets on a quarterly basis to discuss ongoing projects in their own sectors, and share ideas for collaboration and challenges with others.

Members are encouraged to read the resources and links below.  This is by no means a complete list of all the available research and information on these topics.  If you have a resource you'd like to share, please email This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Communications Strategies:

Overall, what communications strategies are working to further your mission and goals?  What resources do you need to improve your communications objectives, and help buffer the region from climate change impacts?

> Communicating Climate Change and Water Linkages in the West: Resource Media, in partnership with Carpe Diem West

> Talking Climate Science: An interactive presentation by Sightline Institute that provides an overview of public opinion on climate change, a discussion of the challenges associated with motivating action, and recommendations for communicating about climate science.

> Getting Real About It: An interview with climate communications expert Susanne Moser

> Climate Communications for Local Governments: In a report written by Climate Access member Don Knapp for local governments, ICLEI - Local Governments for Sustainability USA asserts that understanding an audience's core values and building relationships are key to improving climate communications. Get a snapshot of the report via this link.

> Mind the Gap: Why do people act environmentally, and what are the barriers to pro-environmental behavior? Anja Kollmuss and Julian Agyeman, Tufts University. An academic paper examining some factors that may influence pro-environmental behavior such as demographics, external factors, and internal factors.

> Six Americas 2009: An Audience Segmentation Analysis: Yale Project on Climate Change and the George Mason University Center for Climate Change Communication.  This report identifies global warming's "Six Americas," or six unique audiences within the American public that each responds to the issue in their own distinct way.

Climate-Smart Planning:

What do you see as the greatest impact climate change could have on the ability of your organization to carry out its mission?  What are compounding factors that might threaten the success of your projects?  How have you integrated climate change into your planning processes and/or budgeting?

> Designing Climate-Smart Conservation: Guidance and Case Studies: Lara Hansen, Jennifer Hoffman, Carlos Drews, and Eric Mielbrecht

> Toward a Resilient Watershed: Addressing Climate Change Planning in Watershed Assessments: The Resource Innovation Group

> Integrating Energy and Climate into Planning: American Planning Association

Monitoring for Success:

How do we ensure that our data and monitoring plans are helping us determine whether efforts are “successful” vs “unsuccessful”?  How do we know when a project is working, or when it might be time to re-evaluate the approach?

> Scanning the Conservation Horizon: A Guide to Climate Change Vulnerability Assessment: National Wildlife Federation

> Learning to ADAPT: Monitoring and Evaluation Approaches in Climate Change Adaptation and Disaster Risk Reduction - Challenges, Gaps, and Ways Forward: Strengthening Climate Resilience Consortium, funded by the UK Department for International Development

Economic Impacts of Climate Change and Adaptation Efforts:

Changes in temperature and precipitation, as well as shifts in native species ranges and habitats, stand to have an impact on local and regional economies.  Likewise, pursuing renewable energy opportunities can create new jobs.  These publications and links explore some of the potential impacts to our local livelihoods as a result of climate change, and also pinpoint some new economic opportunities:

> Increasing the Pace of Restoration and Job Creation on Our National Forests: U.S. Forest Service

> The Effects of Climate Change on the Downhill Skiing and Recreational Fishing Economy in the Crown of the Continent: Headwaters Economics

> A Fresh Look at the Green Economy: Jobs that Build Resilience to Climate Change: Oxfam America

> The Clean Energy Economy in the Rockies: Increasing Jobs, Investments, and Production: Headwaters Economics

Also, view these interactive maps produced by Headwaters Economics examining the rate and pace of residential and commercial development in floodplains and wildfire hazard areas:

Headwaters Economics has prepared two slideshows as part of our work with communities dealing with climate change adaptation.  These slideshows use Missoula County and Western Montana to illustrate the extent to which homes have been built in flood and wildfire hazard areas which are of particular concern since climate models predict larger and more frequent floods and fires throughout the northern Rockies. View the interactive slideshows here.

Climate Change Impacts on Native Fish Populations:

Potential Consequences of Climate Change to Persistence of Cutthroat Trout Populations: Jack Williams, Amy Haak, Helen Neville, Warren Colyer,  North American Journal of Fisheries Management 29:533–548, 2009

Effects of climate change and wildfire on stream temperatures and salmonid thermal habitat in a mountain river network: Isaak, Daniel J.; Luce, Charles H.; Rieman, Bruce E.; Nagel, David E.; Peterson, Erin E.; Horan, Dona L.; Parkes, Sharon; Chandler, Gwynne L. 2010. Ecological Applications. 20(5): 1350-1371.

Anticipated climate warming effects on bull trout habitats and populations across the Interior Columbia River Basin: Rieman, B., D. Isaak, S. Adams, D. Horan, D. Nagel, C. Luce, and D. Myers. 2007. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 6:1552-1565.

Climate Change and Agriculture - Mitigation Opportunities on Working Lands:

Many local landowners have witnessed first-hand how ranches and agricultural operations can be both ecologically-sensitive and economically successful.  Now, many pioneers are exploring the role that ranches and open grasslands can play in helping to put the brakes on impacts from climate change.  Sustainable grazing and land management strategies can maintain water supplies, improve water quality, and even help sequester carbon dioxide:

> A Win-Win Policy: Conserving Lands and Mitigating Climate Change in a Public-Private Partnership: Steven Apfelbaum, HuffPost Green

> How to Save the Grasslands: Bring in More Cattle: Judith Schwartz, Time Business

> Crops with Deeper Roots Capture More Carbon, Fight Drought: David Fogarty, Reuters

> Cattle Ranches and Carbon: Jennifer Skeene, QUEST

> Mitigating Climate Change Through Food and Land Use: Ecoagriculture Partners and Worldwatch Institute

Links to Fundraising and Learning Opportunities:

Many foundations, government agencies, and individuals are actively seeking to invest in climate adaptation or mitigation projects.  To follow is a short list of groups that are actively seeking to address climate change through either funding or shared learning:

> The Carbon Ranch: This site is part of the Carbon Ranch Project, which explores strategies that use food and stewardship to build soil, sequester CO2, reduce greenhouse gas emissions, and build resilience in local landscapes.

> Carpe Diem West Academy: Carpe Diem West is a network of experts, advocates, decision makers, and scientists who are addressing the profound impacts the growing climate crisis is having on water in the American West. The unique portal at the Carpe Diem West Academy provides a compendium of information and tools, presents them in an easy-to-use format, and provides helpful frames of reference. Recently launched is the Academy's online learning community which includes a discussion forum, blog feature, search functions, feedback mechanisms, and user profiles.

> Cinnabar Foundation: The Cinnabar Foundation provides support to nonprofit organizations and programs engaged in environmental advocacy, conservation education, and research, as well as the preservation of open space, free-flowing streams, and public access in Montana and the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem.

> Climate Access: An online network for professionals who routinely engage the public in the transformation to low-carbon, resilient communities.

> EcoAdapt Library: EcoAdapt provides support, training, and assistance to make conservation and management less vulnerable and more Climate Savvy.  Visit the Library for a long and comprehensive list of resources, including action plans, how-tos, and research regarding climate adaptation, vulnerability assessments, climate-smart planning, and more. And, consider purchasing the book written by EcoAdapt staff members: Climate Savvy: Adapting Conservation and Resource Management to a Changing World.

> Great Northern Landscape Conservation Cooperative: An alliance of conservation partners with common landscape conservation goals for building ecosystem resilience within the Great Northern geographic area.

> The Kresge Foundation: One of the goals of the Kresge Foundation is to assist society in mitigating the severity of climate change and preparing for its unavoidable impacts.

> NOAA Climate Program Office:  NOAA's research laboratories, Climate Program Office, and research partners conduct a wide range of research into complex climate systems and how they work. These scientists want to improve their ability to predict climate variation in both the shorter term, like cold spells or periods of drought, and over longer terms like centuries and beyond.

> Northwest Climate Science Center, U.S. Dept. of the Interior: The mission of the Northwest Climate Science Center is to provide scientific information, tools, and techniques to anticipate, monitor, and adapt to climate change.

> Quivira Coalition: The Quivira Coalition was founded by a rancher and two conservationists in June 1997 to build bridges among ranchers, conservationists, scientists and public land managers around concepts of progressive cattle management, innovative stewardship and improved land health.

> River Network: A national coalition of watershed groups, River Network provides organizational tips and tools to its members and supporters.  In 2012, River Network produced a powerpoint presentation called "Fundraising for Local Climate Projects."   Download the presentation here.

> The Rockefeller Foundation: The Rockefeller Foundation’s Developing Climate Change Resilience Initiative aims to catalyze attention, funding and action to promote resilience to climate change on several levels. We focus on three pivotal areas:  Asian urban environments, African agriculture and US policy.

> Surdna Foundation: The Surdna Foundation's environmental work is grounded in an understanding of the interplay between the environment, the economy, and social equity. The Surdna Foundation seeks to create just and sustainable communities where consumption and conservation are balanced and innovative solutions to environmental problems improve people’s lives.

> Western Water Assessment: The mission of the Western Water Assessment (WWA) is to identify and characterize regional vulnerabilities to climate variability and change, and to develop information, products and processes to assist water-resource decision-makers throughout the Intermountain West.

> The Wildlife Conservation Society Climate Adaptation Fund: With funding provided by the Doris Duke Charitable Foundation and managed by the Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS), the WCS Climate Adaptation Fund will provide up to $3.1 million in competitive grants in 2012.  Grants will be 1-2 years in length.  Awards will be made to non-profit conservation organizations for applied, on-the-ground projects focused on implementing priority conservation actions for climate adaptation at a landscape scale.